OxRisk is a project by the Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology group at the University of Oxford.

We have developed four freely available web-based risk calculators:

OxRec – Risk of Recidivism Tool, also available in Swedish, Greek, French, ChineseRussian, Italian, Spanish, Finnish, and German.

OxMIV – Mental Illness and Violence Tool, also available in Greek, German, French, Chinese, Spanish, Russian, and Italian.

OxMIS – Mental Illness and Suicide Tool, also available in French, Chinese, German, and Spanish.

FoVOx – Forensic Psychiatry and Violence Tool, also available in German Chinese, Russian, and Italian.

FoxWeb – Web-Based Violence Risk Monitoring Tool for discharged forensic psychiatric patients (Foxtext questionnaire).


Fazel S, Wolf A, Larsson H, Mallett S, Fanshawe TR
The prediction of suicide in severe mental illness: development and validation of a clinical prediction rule (OxMIS)
Translational Psychiatry (2019) – doi:10.1038/s41398-019-0428-3

Wolf A, Fanshawe TR, Sariaslan A, Cornish R, Larsson H, Fazel S
Prediction of violent crime on discharge from secure psychiatric hospitals: a clinical prediction rule (FoVOx)
European Psychiatry (2018) – doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.07.011

Fazel S, Wolf A, Larsson H, Lichtenstein P, Mallett S, Fanshawe TR
Identification of low risk of violent crime in severe mental illness with a clinical prediction tool (OxMIV): a derivation and validation study
Lancet Psychiatry (2017) – doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(17)30109-8 – protocol [pdf]

Fazel S, Chang Z, Fanshawe T, Långström N, Lichtenstein P, Larsson H, Mallett S
Prediction of violent reoffending on release from prison: derivation and external validation of a scalable tool (OxRec)
Lancet Psychiatry (2016) – doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(16)00103-6

Fazel S, Wolf A, Vazquez-Montes MDLA, Fanshawe TR
Prediction of violent reoffending in prisoners and individuals on probation: a Dutch validation study (OxRec)
Scientific Reports (2019) – https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-37539-x

Fazel S, Wolf A.
Selecting a risk assessment tool to use in practice: a 10-point guide
Evid Based Mental Health (2018) – doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/eb-2017-102861

Senior M, Burghart M, Yu R, Kormilitzin A, Liu Q, Vici N, Nevado-Holgado A, Pandit S, Zlodre J, Fazel S.
Identifying predictors of suicide in severe mental illness: A feasibility study of a clinical prediction rule (Oxford Mental Illness and Suicide Tool or OxMIS)
Frontiers Psychiatry (2020) – doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00268

Cornish R, Lewis A, Parry O, Ciobanasu O, Mallett S, Fazel S. 
A clinical feasibility study of the Forensic Psychiatry and Violence Oxford (FoVOx) tool
Frontiers Psychiatry (2019) – doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00901

Ramesh T, Igoumenou A, Montes MV, Fazel S. 
Use of risk assessment instruments to predict violence in forensic psychiatric hospitals: a systematic review and meta-analysis
European Psychiatry (2018) – doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2018.02.007

Douglas T, Pugh J, Singh I, Savulescu J, Fazel S
Risk assessment tools in criminal justice and forensic psychiatry: the need for better data
European Psychiatry (2017) – doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2016.12.009

Zhou JS, Witt K, Xiang YT, Zhu XM, Wang XP, Fazel S
Violence risk assessment in psychiatric patients in China: a systematic review
Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry (2016) – doi:10.1177/0004867415585580

Fazel S, Singh JP, Doll H, Grann M 
Use of risk assessment instruments to predict violence and antisocial behaviour in 73 samples involving 24 827 people: systematic review and meta-analysis
BMJ (2012) – doi:10.1136/bmj.e4692

Webdesign by Achim Wolf

Managed by Rongqin Yu