OxRisk (@Oxriskis a project by the Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology group at the University of Oxford.

We have developed eight freely available web-based risk calculators:

OxRec – Risk of Recidivism Tool, also available in Swedish, Greek, French, ChineseRussian, Italian, Spanish, FinnishGerman, and Polish.

OxMIV – Mental Illness and Violence Tool, also available in Greek, German, French, Chinese, Spanish, Russian, and Italian.*

OxMIS – Mental Illness and Suicide Tool, also available in French, Chinese, German, and Spanish.

FoVOx – Forensic Psychiatry and Violence Tool, also available in German, Chinese, RussianItalian, and Swedish.

FoxWeb – Web-Based Violence Risk Monitoring Tool for discharged forensic psychiatric patients (pdf).

              – Web-based Monitoring Tool for inpatient violence in general and forensic psychiatric patients (pdf).

              – FoxWeb tool.

OxRIS – Oxford risk of recidivism of sexual offenders, including three separate tools for violent reoffending, any reoffending, and sexual reoffending.


Fazel S, Wolf A, Larsson H, Mallett S, Fanshawe TR
The prediction of suicide in severe mental illness: development and validation of a clinical prediction rule (OxMIS)
Translational Psychiatry (2019) – doi:10.1038/s41398-019-0428-3

Wolf A, Fanshawe TR, Sariaslan A, Cornish R, Larsson H, Fazel S
Prediction of violent crime on discharge from secure psychiatric hospitals: a clinical prediction rule (FoVOx)
European Psychiatry (2018) – doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.07.011

Fazel S, Wolf A, Larsson H, Lichtenstein P, Mallett S, Fanshawe TR
Identification of low risk of violent crime in severe mental illness with a clinical prediction tool (OxMIV): a derivation and validation study
Lancet Psychiatry (2017) – doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(17)30109-8 – protocol [pdf]

Fazel S, Chang Z, Fanshawe T, Långström N, Lichtenstein P, Larsson H, Mallett S
Prediction of violent reoffending on release from prison: derivation and external validation of a scalable tool (OxRec)
Lancet Psychiatry (2016) – doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(16)00103-6

Fazel S, Wolf A, Vazquez-Montes MDLA, Fanshawe TR
Prediction of violent reoffending in prisoners and individuals on probation: a Dutch validation study (OxRec)
Scientific Reports (2019) – https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-37539-x

Fazel S, Wolf A.
Selecting a risk assessment tool to use in practice: a 10-point guide
Evid Based Mental Health (2018) – https://ebmh.bmj.com/content/ebmental/21/2/41.full.pdf

Whiting D, Fazel S.
How accurate are suicide risk prediction models? Asking the right questions for clinical practice
Evid Based Mental Health (2019) – Evid Based Ment Health. 2019 Aug 1; 22(3): 125–128.

Senior M, Burghart M, Yu R, Kormilitzin A, Liu Q, Vici N, Nevado-Holgado A, Pandit S, Zlodre J, Fazel S.
Identifying predictors of suicide in severe mental illness: A feasibility study of a clinical prediction rule (Oxford Mental Illness and Suicide Tool or OxMIS)
Frontiers Psychiatry (2020) – doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00268

Cornish R, Lewis A, Parry O, Ciobanasu O, Mallett S, Fazel S. 
A clinical feasibility study of the Forensic Psychiatry and Violence Oxford (FoVOx) tool
Frontiers Psychiatry (2019) – doi: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00901

Ramesh T, Igoumenou A, Montes MV, Fazel S. 
Use of risk assessment instruments to predict violence in forensic psychiatric hospitals: a systematic review and meta-analysis
European Psychiatry (2018) – doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2018.02.007

Douglas T, Pugh J, Singh I, Savulescu J, Fazel S
Risk assessment tools in criminal justice and forensic psychiatry: the need for better data
European Psychiatry (2017) – doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2016.12.009

Zhou JS, Witt K, Xiang YT, Zhu XM, Wang XP, Fazel S
Violence risk assessment in psychiatric patients in China: a systematic review
Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry (2016) – doi:10.1177/0004867415585580

Fazel S, Singh JP, Doll H, Grann M 
Use of risk assessment instruments to predict violence and antisocial behaviour in 73 samples involving 24 827 people: systematic review and meta-analysis
BMJ (2012) – doi:10.1136/bmj.e4692

Fazel S, Toynbee M, Ryland H, Vazquez-Montes M, Al-Taiar H, Wolf A, Aziz O, Khosla V, Gulati G, Fanshawe T
Modifiable risk factors for inpatient violence in psychiatric hospital: prospective study and prediction model
Psychological Medicine (2021) – doi:10.1017/S0033291721002063

Fazel S, Sariaslan A, Fanshawe T
Towards a more evidence-based risk assessment for people in the criminal justice system: the case of OxRec in the Netherlands
Eur J Crim Pol Res (forthcoming) – PDF

*The OxMIV calculator has been updated in February 2021. We have changed the income categories from ten deciles to low vs stable income. Please see the original version of OxMIV, in English, Chinese, Italian, Russian, Spanish, French, German, and Greek.

Webdesign by Achim Wolf

Managed by Rongqin Yu